Communicable Diseases List| With Examples and Prevention Measures

Disease is a significant disturbance in the health due to a microbial infection.

Most of these diseases have tendency to spread from one person to other, from one region to other.

These are transmitted by mediators or vectors like insects, animals, air, water, soil and human activities like sneezing, kiss, sex, etc.

They are also called as contagious diseases and epidemics. They are so deadly that if occurred, they kill thousand of people in a row.

Communicable Diseases List:

Communicable diseases can be divided based on few aspects like.

a) The disease causing agent

b) The transmission agent

c) The type of spreading

d) The rate of spreading.

Based on causing agent: We have causing agents like

  • Bacteria
  • Virus
  • Protozoa
  • Fungi
  • helminth parasites, nematodes

Bacteria communicable diseases list:

Communicable diseases by bacteria are most prevalent and difficult to eradicate from the human population.

Cholera: This is caused by bacteria namely vibrio cholera. There is immense watery loose motions and mostly fatal.

Typhoid: This is characterized by prolonged fever and is caused by salmonella typhi.

Diphtheria: This is a infectious condition of buccal cavity and trachea. It is very fatal.

Tuberculosis: This is spread by contaminated salivary droplets during sneezing, using of utensils of infected person etc..It is a fatal infection but curable if taken medicines as prescribed.



Viral diseases:

Polio: A disease characterized with deformity in limbs.

Encephalitis: This is an inflammatory brain infection which is fatal with characteristic symptoms like fever, head ache, coma etc.

Measles: This is a respiratory infection. Spread by water or air.

Mumps: This is infection of tonsils characterized by swelling of jaw and cheek regions with immense pain.

Rabies: This is an infection caused due to dog bite. The vector is an infected dog.

Small pox

Chicken pox: Skin rashes appear during infection along with fever.

Protozoan diseases:

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