List of Medicinal Plants & their Uses for Health

Medicinal plants are valuable resources for our health care system since ancient period.

These natural herbs are important source of drugs for alternative medicine systems.

These systems include Ayurveda, homeopathy, Unani and even allopathy.

They are thought to constitute 80% of total drugs used by humans.

These natural healing herbs are used in treatment of many diseases and disorders.

Their specialty is advantages like better compatibility in the body, easy metabolism, low side effects and also less expensive than synthetic drugs.

Further they are not harmful to environment after disposal.

They don’t require heavy manufacture, expensive analysis and storage facilities.

They retain their potency for long period if stored well.

Many of them can be used as home-made preparations, during emergency or can be bought as over the counter drugs without physician prescription.

These medicinal plants come under different types of plants and not restricted to one family or type of plants..

So  below chart gives an idea of the List of Medicinal Plants and uses..

List of Medicinal Plants, their uses & growth places in India

Sl.No.Name of plantSource(scientific)UsesPlace of growth
1AconiteAconitum ferox –plant rootLeprosy, cholera,catarrhPresently used in homeopathy only. Himalayas
2AshwagandhaWithania somnifera-roots & stem bases.Rheumatism, gout, hypertension, cancer Subtropics of India
3BelladonnaAtropa accuminata-leaves & flowersAnti-spasmodic, anticholinergic, antidote for chloral hydrate & opium poisoningJammu Kashmir
4BenafshaViola odorataAnti-bacterial, anti-fungal, in fever, as expectorant (to remove phlegm)Chamba-himachal, Kangara-Kashmir
5Black pepperPiper nigrum-unripe fruitsAs stomachic (enhances hunger), carminative (enhances eructation)South India
6carawayCarum carvi-dry-ripe fruitsExpels gas by eructationNorth Himalaya, Uttaranchal, Kashmir
7CardamomElettaria cardamomum-dry-ripe fruitsExpels gas by eructation (carminative)Karnataka, Kerala, TN
8Castor oilRicinus communis-seed’s fixed oilCatharatic (in constipation), hair growth promoterAP, Gujarat and Karnataka
9Ceylon CinnamonCinnamomum zeylanicumcarminative (enhances eructation)Malabar coast of India
10Citronella oilCymbopogan nardus-volatile oil from leavesMosquito repellantKerala
11CloveEugenia caryophyllus-dry flower budDental analgesic, anti-septic, carminativeTN, Kerala
12CorianderCoriandrum sativum-dry fruitscarminativeAP, Jammu Kashmir, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, WB
13CorkwoodDuboisia myoporoides-dry leavesParasympatholytic, antidote in physostigmine and pilocarpine poisoning.India
14Egyptian HenbaneHyoscyamus niger-leaves & flower tipRelieve spasm of urinary tract & gripping effect of purgatives India
15Eucalyptus oilEucalyptus citriodara-leaf oilHas essential oils uses like Expectorant (removes phlegm), counter-irritant. Kerala, TN
16FennelFoeniculum vulgare-dry ripe fruitExpels gas by eructationGujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, UP, WB
17GarlicAllium sativum-bulbsTo enhance libido, expel phlegm, for eructationIndia
18Indian SennaCassia angustifolia-dried leafletsFor purgation of bowels. Madurai, ramanthapur-TN, cudapa-AP, Kutch of Gujarat & rajasthan
19IpecacCephaelis ipecacuanha-dried roots & rhizomesTo induce vomiting (emetic)Darjeeling of West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam
20IsapgolPlantago ovate-To relieve constipation (laxative)Gujarat, Punjab, southern Rajasthan
21JiraCiminum cyminum-dry ripe fruitStimulant, carminativeWB, Assam, Gujarat, Rajasthan
22Lemon grass oilCymbopogin flexuousus-volatile oil from leaves & plant partsVitamin-A precursorIndia
23Mentha oilMentha piperita-volatile oil from flowersExpels gas by eructation Jammu Kashmir, UP
24Opium poopyPapaver somniferum-dry latex having Morphine , codeine etc.To relieve severe pains, cough, & also as hypnotic MP,UP,Rajasthan
25Palmarosa oilCymbopogan martini-volatile oil from leavesInsect repellantAP. Gujarat, Kashmir, MP, Maharashtra, TN, UP
26PapinCarica papaya (papaya plant-unripe fruit latex.One of anti inflammatory herbsMaharashtra
27Peruvian barkCinchona ledgeriana-dried barkAnti-malarial drugAnnamali-coimbatore, nilgiri hills-TN, Darjeeling-WB
28PyrethrumChrysanthemum cineraria folium-flower headsAs an insecticide to kill insects (All Out) mosquito repellantJammu & Kashmir
29Rheumatism rootDioscorea composite-dried tubersFor rheumatic arthritisJammu Kashmir, Goa, Karnataka, TN
30Sandal wood oilSantalum album-volatile oilDecreases frequent urination tendency. Karnataka, TN.
31SerpentinaRauwolfia serpentine-Dry rootsAs a Anti-hypertensive agentBihar, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Orissa, TN, WB
32Solanum khasianumSolanum-dried berriesFor steroid productionMaharashtra, Assam, Manipur, Sikkim
33TulsiOcimum sanctum-fresh & dry leavesUses Of tulsi are Anti-bacterial, insecticide and immune modulator India
34TurmericCurcuma longs-dry rhizomesAnti-septic, anti-oxidant, condimentAP, TN
35Turpentine oil.Pinus roxburghii-volatile oilCounter irritant (for pain) India
36Vetiver oilVetiveria zizanoides-volatile oil from rootRelive prickly heat and itchingKarnataka, Kerala, Punjab, Rajasthan, TN, UP
37VincaCatharanthus roseus-entre plantmedicinal plants for cancer treatment, anticancer herbsAP, TN, Maharashtra, Karnataka
38YewTaxus baccataDry leaves, bark & roots.Himalaya

This big list of uses indicates the importance of plants. So we need to take efforts to prevent them from eradication in the name of development.

Conservation of medicinal plants is very important for future use.

Due to heavy use, large plants and those plants which take long time for germination and growth are chopped off.

Hence the conservation of medicinal plants be done by  obtaining the medicinal plant material by agriculture methods of cultivation instead of relying on the plants grown naturally in forests.

Further we need to take steps for conservation of medicinal plants by obtaining these medicinal plant drugs by tissue culture method where possible.

3 Comments

  1. Mrs. Htar
  2. thinesh kumar
  3. ABDUL GOFUR MIAH

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