What to do After Graduation|5 Career Options after college

After college the question of what to do after graduation arises for many.

Because till then, most of us were guided by parents or well wishers in terms of career. But, from then suddenly you will be left alone with questions like what do you do or what are you up to etc.

So planning well ahead of what to do after graduation helps one save themselves a lot of agony.

Be it graduates of common degree courses like B.Sc, B.Com and B.A or even professional degrees like B.Pharm, BBA, B.Tech  still one cannot have an easy shift into a promising career.

This is due to change in social and economic trends, and also requirement of extra skills. We need to adopt to the changes in the working style and means of earnings.
Even I believe that one cannot have financial freedom if he survives on single source of income. So if you are thinking of full time or part time options, here are few tips that help make a decent living after graduation.

Also you need to remember that to occupy a potential job or position, one needs extra edge over others. With change in trends and developments happening around it is worth to have higher qualification and extra skills to demand a growth in career.

What to do after graduation?

In general one can think of a job as many do but lets see the possibilities

1) JobsWhat to do after graduation

2) Higher education (further study)

3) Business

4)Free lancer

5) Politics….:-) Why not?

The choices are similar to all but options vary based on the type of graduation one has opted for and also his interpersonal skills.

Jobs: Many students focus to end up in a decent job. This seems quite and also achievable by hard work. But we need to see what all jobs are available after degree and which one will be suitable. There are many people whom i knew got some potential job but left out as they did not feel to bear the pressure inside. So suitability of job is also essential for the persons. It not only helps you but also the job. If you are not happy dong the job, then you will not fulfill the job responsibility effectively. So we need to opt for a suitable job. So first decide on career which you think is suitable to you.

Job is one where you work for someone else. It might be a private company or even government one. What ever you are bound to perform a task at stipulated time for fixed remuneration. So select jobs based ob how you can suit to the job needs.

After completing graduation one can appear for any competitive exams to get into jobs. Both private sector and government sector prefer exam to sort out candidates based on their intellectual efficiency.In general graduates of any discipline like arts, science, commerce, engineering and medicine can try for government positions like civil servants, or police, revenue officials. Though one is from diverse educational back grounds, they are given proper training to be suitable to take up the job. Government jobs have a tag of being permanent as one will not be fired for being on excess leave or under performing unless serious issues rise up.

On the other hand private sector offer many jobs. But one will have be extra performing and time bound. Any misconduct or under performance will leads to termination from that position immediately. Private jobs can be obtained based on educational qualification.

Many companies require financial experts and those with experience in accounting. For this they hire candidates with degree in commerce and business administration. On the other hand a company dealing with science linked products like chemicals, horticulture, foods, leather, pesticides, textiles etc will require graduates from science stream.

Those companies involved in art, event management, design, decoration will hire students from arts back ground.

Companies involved in construction, architecture, automotive, software, hardware, medical devices (biomedical engineering) will hire candidates with engineering back ground.

While companies involved in medicine, cosmetics, clinical research, microbes, biotechnology etc will hire candidates with medicine, pharmacy and science back grounds.

See the article on Careers In Heath Care for more details.

Government jobs after graduation are common targets for many students. This is because of job security as one will not be fired of the job.

The common jobs under government are state and civil service exams, banking sector, life insurance and office posts in any government run organizations.  These jobs require degree with proper writing,  reading and analysis skills as eligibility criteria to appear for  selection.

Based on graduation type, those with bachelor of commerce can opt for accountant, statistician, teachers etc. Those with bachelor in art or law can take up jobs as public relation officer, social services, legal adviser to government etc.

Science graduates can opt for various departments of science concerned with food control, agriculture, surveys, civil supplies etc.

But as a common eligibility, all graduates can opt for government jobs related to administration, revenue departments, registrations by qualification through an exam.

Higher studies: Many students opt for higher education in the related field. This gives them an edge in placements and also promotions. But they can opt for some courses only based on their subjects like

what to do after graduation in science:(Bachelors of science (B.Sc);

If one has bachelor of science in MATHS, PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY, etc. they can opt for masters in physics, chemistry, maths, biology (zoology+botany).

Besides they can opt for related specialization in microbiology, biochemistry, fermentation technology, computers, electronics etc.
The courses are offered as M.Sc or M.S depending on the university concerned.
If they are interested in research they may further go for PhD.

Check out for more study opportunities after graduation in science.

What to do after graduation in commerce; (Bachelor of Commerce) (B.Com):

B.Com graduates can go for M.Com in financing, taxation, governance, statistics, accounting etc.

Also they are eligible for MBA (master of business administration), bachelor of education (B.ed( or M.Ed)

What to do after graduation in arts;

One having bachelor of arts can opt for Master of Arts (MA) in education, English, psychology. public relations etc.

Arts subjects can be categorized into professional and non-professional courses. Courses like psychology, performing arts, journalism, gemmology can be considered as professional courses as they directly lead into some form of regular employment. While other like languages, social, public relations can be non-professional type. But one can find jobs in these courses in fields of teaching and research. For this one can opt for B.Ed immediately after graduation or go for higher studies like M.A, Law, MBA. M. Phil, PhD etc.

Also all the graduates are eligible for MBA (master of business administration), bachelor of education (B.ed( or M.Ed) for change in career.

What to do after graduation in engineering

B.Tech is one of the professional courses and one can opt for related professional jobs or take up busyness like government contracts or go into academics and research. Engineering has grown into many disciplines. And graduation in engineering one has always a chance to go into many fields like automotive sector, software, hard ware, metallurgy, mining, construction etc. A person with talent always finds his career promising in the field. Many with B.Tech and MBA find to be promising in terms of salary.

See more details on what to do after B.Tech

After graduation in bachelor of computer  application(BCA):

BCA is a graduation course designed with computers and software sector in mind. The graduates find scope of jobs in computer hardware and software fields. One can opt for higher education like MCA and research leading to PhD. Higher education helps to get into academics and research institutes of government and private sector. Having skills in software languages can lead to promising jobs in software sector.

Some courses which can done by any one after graduation include, event management, MBA, journalism, hotel management etc.

Business: Further after college instead one can go into business if they have a workable ideas.

For students of engineering in IIT’s there are entrepreneurial cells in their own campuses to get start up grants for investment.

For other graduates also there are government schemes to help get investment for starting small businesses.

Even banks can render loans for investment of any sort if there is some security in most cases.

Free lancer: Free lancing has become famous recently after the boom of internet income. There are many opportunities in free lancing for those with excellent skills. Unlike jobs there are less chances of being under constant stress. They can find their own job and execute for a nominal pay. Their assignments are always limited and time bound. So they can take up new one regularly.

For you to find a job go and signup for website like Freelancer.com and elance.com.

These free lance works can be done on part time basis even besides study.

Politics: In some counties politics need no education to get into while some countries need a graduate at least. Politics is a place which seems to be competitive and confusing. But interestingly many people with smartness do very well in politics. After all politics is the one which form a government to rule to nation. So one can think in terms of it if they have no interest in job or busyness.

In the current situation one can always find a job or promising work due to growth in markets and economy. Just make genuine effort.


  1. Anirban Chakraborty
    • ranga.nr

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